The below six (6) types of training design and delivery formats provide the road map for developing the training content. Deciding on the most appropriate instructional philosophy is the next important step in your process. Two common instructional philosophies are: (1) learner-centered, and (2) instructor-directed.
- Knowledge and skill
- Career development
- Team development
- Organizational development
- Human resource development
- Performance improvement
Learner-Centered Training (based on the androgogical philosophical model)
Assumption: The learner knows much of what he/she needs to know.
Problem: The learner does not know that he/she knows it (unconscious competence).
Method: The instructor strives to elicit the learner’s knowledge by asking the learner questions.
Instructor-Directed Training (based on the pedagogical philosophical model)
Assumption: The learner knows nothing of what he/she needs to know (mind is a blank slate).
Problem: The instructor must “infuse” the learner with the instructor’s knowledge.
Method: The instructor tells the learner what he/she needs to know.
You can begin your training even using the Instructor-Director model to provide introductory information. Once learners have become familiar with the course material you presented, you next move to the Learner-Centered Training model.